首頁 >歐僑最新資訊 >> 托福聽力技巧指南一逆向搜索法

你所聽到的directions叫你先聽問題再讀選項然后決定選哪個選項。對有些人來說這沒有問題,但是大部分人發現先讀選項對做題很有用。這一技巧我們稱之為逆向搜索法。 下面是逆向搜索法的具體步驟   (1)打開磁帶聽Dierction,在這一時間里,考試中心不讓你看選項。   (2)Dierction叫你turn the page時,快速看題目的四個選項,你可能只有1至2秒時間,但盡量搜索那些在4個選項中重復出現的詞,諸如名字,地點等等。這將在你呼到這些詞的時候對你有所幫助。你甚至可能通過這些反復出現的名詞和動詞猜出對話的主題。 (3)當對話開始的時候立即停止看題,集中精神聽題。   (4)當問題問完以后,再讀一遍四個選項,選出你的答案。如果你無法馬上做出答案。盡量排除一些選項。然后從剩下的選項中選一個。   (5)快速仔細的涂答題紙。馬上回到第2步,看一下題的四個選項。 逆向搜索法的好外   (1)你能搜索到關于對話的內容的線索。   (2)你能運用你的閱讀能力和歸納能力來加強你的聽力能力。   (3)當你猜到一道題目的主題時候,你會少一些緊張和焦慮,這將幫助你關注你所需要聽到的信息、 例題   1999年1月聽力部分短對話第19題 (A)Meet her in the auditorium.   (B)Schedule the meeting for a different time. (C)Reserve a large room for the meeting. (D)Cancel the meeting. 迅速搜索4個選項后,我們發現單詞meeting在其中3個選擇中重復,而在選項A中出現了與meeting形似意異的動詞meet。僅從這4個選擇,未聽對話之前,我們可以得出兩個結論:首先,對話的內容肯定與meeting有關;其次,選項A肯定不對,因為它與其他3個選項差別不大。   然后,我們看B,C和D中最大的差別在于動詞schedule,reserve和cancel。也就是說,在判定對話內容與meeting有關后,在對話真正開始時,我們應該關注與meeting有關的動詞。 接著,我們聽到如下的對話與問題。   M:Do you know if Sarah has reserved the room for the committee meeting yet   W:No.But if she hasn't we should have her tyr to get it at the auditorium.We'll need the space.What does the woman ace.What does the woman want sarah to do 對話中出現了 個你可能不熟悉的詞Sarah,但是女音(w)里的代詞和問題明顯的提示了Sarah是個女人。對話里的男音(M) 中出現的動詞reserve與選項C相同,而且女音(W)出現了need the space。所以聽完對話和問題后,我們可以肯定C是正確答案。
The directions you hear tell you to listen to the question and then decide which option to choose. For some people there's no problem, but most people find that the first reading option is useful for doing a problem. This technique is called reverse search. Below is a specific step in the reverse search method (1) to turn on the tape to listen to Dierction, and in this case, the test center won't let you look at the options. (2) the Dierction told you to turn the page, a quick look at title four options, you may be only 1 to 2 seconds, but try to search those recurring words in the four options, such as name, location, and so on. This will help you when you're snoring. You may even guess the topic of the conversation through these recurring nouns and verbs. (3) stop reading the problem immediately when the conversation starts and focus on the problem. (4) when the question is over, read the four options again and choose your answers. If you can't answer right away. Try to exclude options. And then you pick one from the rest of the choices. (5) quick and careful application of the paper. Go back to step 2 and look at the four options. You can search for clues about the content of the conversation. (2) you can use your reading ability and inductive ability to improve your listening ability. (3) when you get the theme of A topic, you will be less tension and anxiety, this will help you focus on the information you need to hear, sample listening some short conversation topic 19 January 1999 (A) Meet its ehrs in the auditorium. (B) the Schedule the meeting for A company's time. (C) Reserve A large room for the meeting. (D) Cancel the meeting. The rapid search after 4 options, we found that the words and repeat in three choice, in options A and the meeting similar to Meet different verb. Just from these four choices, we can draw two conclusions before listening to the conversation: first, the content of the conversation must be relevant to meeting the meeting; Second, choice A must be wrong because it is not so different from the other three options. And then, let's see, the biggest difference between B, C and D is the verb schedule, reserve and cancel. In other words, we should focus on the verbs that are relevant to meeting when the conversation really begins, after determining the content of the conversation to the meeting. Then we hear the following dialogue and questions. M: Do you know if Sarah has reserved the room for the committee meeting yet W: No. But if she hasn 't we should have its ehrs tyr to get it at the auditorium. We' l l need the space. What does the woman ace. What does the woman want Sarah to Do in a conversation you may not be familiar with word, Sarah, But the pronoun in the female voice (W) and questions clearly reveal that Sarah was a woman. The verb reserve in the dialogue is the same as choice C, and the female voice (W) appears to need the space. So after listening to the conversation and questions, we can be sure that C is the right answer.
 

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